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GF12 - Open topic

Motivation

Technologies, and our economy in general, usually advance either by incremental steps (e.g. scaling the size and number of transistors on a chip) or by quantum leaps (transition from vacuum tubes to semiconductor technologies). Disruptive technologies behind such revolutions are usually characterised by universal, versatile applications, which change many aspects of our life simultaneously, penetrating every corner of our existence. To become disruptive, a new technology needs to offer not incremental, but dramatic, orders of magnitude improvements. Moreover, the more universal the technology, the better chances it has for broad base success. This can be summarized by the “Lemma of New Technology”, proposed by Herbert Kroemer: “The principal applications of any sufficiently new and innovative technology always have been – and will continue to be – applications created by that technology”. Graphene is the first of a new class of materials with huge potential for applications, including tens of other two-dimensional crystals, hetero-structures based on these crystals, and their hybrids with metallic and semiconducting quantum dots and other nanomaterials. A key step to advance the commercial viability of graphene is to harness the emerging capability in graphene technology – including novel applications and production technologies.

At present, the realisation of an electronic device requires the assembly of a variety of components obtained by many technologies. Graphene, by including different properties within the same material, may offer the opportunity to build a comprehensive technological platform for the realisation of almost any device component, including transistors, batteries, optoelectronic components, photovoltaic cells, (photo)detectors, ultrafast lasers, bio- and physico-chemical sensors, etc. An even wider set of properties can be targeted by considering other two dimensional crystals, layered materials, and hybrid structures resulting from their juxtaposition or integration with other materials, including quantum dots, nanowires, nanotubes, etc.

The field of graphene and related materials (GRM) is progressing at a rapid rate, making it difficult to reliably predict new important technological advances. This open topic call topic targets new emerging phenomena or challenges that are not covered by the 12 other topics or by the existing Flagship WPs. Topics of interest may include (but are not limited to) advanced nanofabrication of graphene-based devices and all-graphene spintronics; multifunctional composites for high-power cables; computational modelling of devices and systems based on GRMs; active THz components; Immunogenomics and proteomics studies of GRMs.

Complementarities with one or several of the 11 scientific and technological WP is a requirement. Proposals must demonstrate the importance of their topic in terms of scientific advances and societal impacts and present a feasible plan to reach their goals during the project period. Industrial participation is strongly encouraged.

Objectives

  • To advance the field of the GRM science and technology in directions not covered by other parts of the flagship nor by any of the other topics of this call for proposals.

Impact

  • Increase the engineering aspects of the Flagship and promote the utilization of GRMs
  • Identify new killer applications created by the novel GRM technology

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